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Apache, Western | Apache, Jicarilla
Alternate forms: Ndee
Date: 1981-2003
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 3 folders
Description: William Bright's Apache file consists mostly of correspondence with Philip Greenfeld, particularly of Spanish loanwords into Western Apache (Series 1). There is also a Jicarilla Apache dictionary, with marginalia by Bright, in Series 2.
Collection: William O. Bright Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.142)

Chinook
Language(s): Chinook Jargon | English
Date: 1951
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 5 pages
Description: William Bright's only Chinook Jargon item is a 5-page list of morphemes that he derived from publications by Boas and Jacobs, found in Series 4.
Collection: William O. Bright Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.142)

Chochenyo
Date: 1994-2004
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 2 folders
Description: William Bright's only Chochenyo (Ohlone) materials can be found in Series 1, and are correspondence with Catherine Callaghan, including an 8-page list of Spanish loanwords in Chochenyo (toward Bright's “Hispanisms” study), and Juliette Blevins and Andrew Garrett.
Collection: William O. Bright Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.142)

Chumash
Date: 1959-1995
Extent: 0.25 linear feet
Description: Beginning with fieldwork in around 1959-1960 with Marie de Soto at Santa Barbara, California, Bright continued to collected materials in Chumashan languages and villages throughout his life. A short field notebook can be found in Series 3 Subseries 2, along with a large topical folder on Chumash in Series 4. Correspondence on “Hispanisms” (Spanish borrowings into Native languages, Series 1, and the card file in Series 5) is also of note.
Collection: William O. Bright Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.142)

Cupeño
Date: ca.1959-1975
Type:Text
Extent: 0.25 linear feet
Description: William Bright's small Cupeño collection consists of publications on Cupeño lexica, newspaper clippings collected during the 1960s, a history of a Californian mission (Series 2), and a comparative Takic language lexical slip file (Series 5).
Collection: William O. Bright Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.142)

Hopi
Language(s): Hopi | English | Spanish
Date: 1977; 1996-1999
Type:Text
Extent: 2 folders
Description: William Bright conversed with Jane H. Hill on Spanish borrowings into Hopi (“Hispanisms”, Series 1 and Series 5), and possessed a copy of the book “Field Mouse Goes to War”, a bilingual Hopi story (Series 2).
Collection: William O. Bright Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.142)

Huastec
Alternate forms: Teenek, Wastek
Language(s): Huastec | English | Spanish
Date: 2003
Type:Text
Extent: 1 folder
Description: William Bright conversed with Barbara Edmonson on basic Wastek linguistics, loanwords from Spanish, and the meanings of Wastek place names (Series 1).
Collection: William O. Bright Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.142)

Karuk
Language(s): Karuk | English
Date: ca.1950s-1960s
Type:Text
Extent: 0.25 linear feet
Description: One of Haas' students, William Bright, completed a grammar of Karuk as his PhD dissertation, and from this are derived a card file (Series 9) consisting of a lexicon, grammatical analyses, comparisons to various languages including proto-languages, and loanwords and placenames, which would later become a significant part of Bright's legacy. Comparisons to other languages of California and elsewhere are also found in correspondence with Karl-Heinz Gursky (Series 1) and other locations in Series 9.
Collection: Mary R. Haas Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.94)

Karuk
Alternate forms: Karok
Language(s): Karuk | English | Spanish
Date: 1949-2006
Extent: 4 linear feet
Description: From the age of 21 throughout his life, William Bright worked with Karuk speakers to document and revitalize their language, resulting in becoming the first white honorary member of the Karuk tribe. The most prominent materials at the American Philosophical Society as a result are wide-ranging audio recordings, from the 1950s until the 2000s (Series 6), especially with Violet Super. With Susan Gehr, he produced a Karuk language dictionary, correspondence with whom (Series 1) contains draft texts. With the Karuk he contributed considerably to the literature on Coyote in particular, original transcriptions of which are in notebooks in Series 3 Subseries 1, and further developments in Series 2. He also collected many small publications about Karuk, in the same series. Additionally of interest in Series 1 is correspondence about the suspected arson of a'tim'îin, the Karuk sacred site near Somes Bar, CA. Karuk materials can be found in every series.
Collection: William O. Bright Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.142)

Kitanemuk
Date: undated
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 0.25 linear feet
Description: William Bright created a comparative Takic lexical file, range u-y ordered in English, from an unnamed source, that included Kitanemuk (Series 5).
Collection: William O. Bright Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.142)