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Abenaki
Language(s): English
Date: circa 1890s-1900s
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Description: This collection contains the bulk of correspondence between Franz Boas and his professional colleagues, though there are also other Boas collections in the library. See correspondence with Gatschet discussing his study of Abenaki and Mi'kmaq. Some additional correspondences in this collection that have not yet been indexed may also contain additional material.
Collection: Franz Boas Papers (Mss.B.B61)

Achumawi
Alternate forms: Pit River
Language(s): English
Date: circa 1910s-1930s
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Description: This collection contains the bulk of correspondence between Franz Boas and his professional colleagues, though there are also other Boas collections in the library. The correspondents listed above contain some correspondence related to the culture or language listed in this entry. In the finding aid listings for some of these correspondents, the individual letters pertaining to this culture or language will be identified by a subject heading, though for some correspondents this indexing has not yet been completed. Some letters may contain only brief mentions of work being conducted in relation to the topic. Some additional correspondences in this collection that have not yet been indexed may also contain additional material.
Collection: Franz Boas Papers (Mss.B.B61)

Alabama
Alternate forms: Alibamu
Language(s): English
Date: 1907-1923
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 9 letters
Description: This collection contains the bulk of correspondence between Franz Boas and his professional colleagues, though there are also other Boas collections in the library. The correspondents listed above contain some correspondence related to the culture or language listed in this entry. In the finding aid listings for some of these correspondents, the individual letters pertaining to this culture or language will be identified by a subject heading, though for some correspondents this indexing has not yet been completed. Some letters may contain only brief mentions of work being conducted in relation to the topic. Some additional correspondences in this collection that have not yet been indexed may also contain additional material.
Collection: Franz Boas Papers (Mss.B.B61)

Atakapa
Language(s): English
Date: 1905-1937
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 10 letters
Description: The Atakapa letters currently identified in the Franz Boas papers are 10 letters to and from John Swanton. This collection contains the bulk of correspondence between Franz Boas and his professional colleagues, though there are also other Boas collections in the library. The correspondents listed above contain some correspondence related to the culture or language listed in this entry. In the finding aid listings for some of these correspondents, the individual letters pertaining to this culture or language will be identified by a subject heading, though for some correspondents this indexing has not yet been completed. Some letters may contain only brief mentions of work being conducted in relation to the topic. Some additional correspondences in this collection that have not yet been indexed may also contain additional material.
Collection: Franz Boas Papers (Mss.B.B61)

Beothuk
Language(s): English
Date: 1911-1922
Extent: 5 items
Description: Materials relating to Beothuk people, culture, and language. Includes correspondence from Franz Boas regarding a Beothuk report; from mining engineer Richard S. Dahl offering aid opening a Beothuk site; from James P. Howley concerning Speck's meeting with a Beothuk survivor, though Howley doubts the individual's authenticity (also includes a news clipping on Speck's discovery and a portion of Howley's book printing a Beothuk vocabulary with Speck pencil notes, 184-186); from William L. Messurier enclosing an article on Newfoundland extracted from "The Great Historical, Genealogical, and Poetical Dictionary" (London, 1701); and from Warren K. Moorehead discussing his New England archaeological field work and expressing doubt that Red Paint People of Maine were Beothuks based on the difference of art. In Series III: Photographs, this 1 photo of Santu Toney, a woman who identified as Beothuk from Newfoundland, and 5 photos of her family members. Series IV: Lantern Slides, contains 4 slides of Beothuk people, one a drawing of Demasduit, 3 of Santu and her relatives.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Chehalis | Puyallup
Date: 1882, circa 1890; 1897, 1927-1936
Type:Text
Extent: 1800+ loose pages, 15 notebooks, circa 8000 slips
Description: The Chehalis materials in the ACLS collection consist of a large volume of material spread across numerous items in the "Chehalis" section of the finding aid. Major items of significance include Boas's Upper Chehalis field notebooks, recorded in 1927 near Oakville, Washington, containing vocabulary, paradigms, and texts with interlinear translations. Additional loose notes contains numerous stories, which partially derive from the field notebooks. Also noteworthy is an extensive lexical file of over 8,000 slips derived from Boas's field work, partially arranged and analyzed. Earlier materials relating to the Lower Chehalis dialect were recorded circa 1890 by Boas at Shoalwater Bay, as well as material copied from Myron Eells' 1880s field work and later corrected by Boas. Other smaller items, such as Aginsky's comparison of Upper Chehalis and Puyallup, consist primarily of linguistic analysis and some ethnographic information. The names of Chehalis speakers and consultants who made the work possible are not fully reflected in the cataloging, as many are typically not identified by Boas.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Chemakum | Quileute | Klallam
Alternate forms: Chimakum, S'Klallam, Clallam, nəxʷsƛ̕ay̕əm
Language(s): English | Chemakum | Quileute | Klallam
Date: 1853?; 1890; 1928; 1930; 1953;
Type:Text
Extent: 45 pages; 1 notebook (14 pages); Circa 1,500 slips
Description: The Chemakum materials in the ACLS collection consist of 5 items in the "Chimakum" section of the finding aid. The earliest item is a word list recorded by George Gibbs, circa 1853, from a woman named Jule, slave and mistress of King George, a Clallam chief. This list is in English orthography with accents marked, and includes parts of body, household objects, material objects, animals, adverbs, verbs. Subsequent fieldwork includes a notebook by Manuel Andrade, containing an English-Chimakum vocabulary, with an attempt to verify use of consultant Louise Webster by Franz Boas at Port Gamble in 1890. Additional material includes linguistic analyses by Sapir and Swadesh. Lastly, an extensive lexicon of over 1,500 slips was compiled by Franz Boas, based upon field work conducted in 1890. Boas's original field notebook is found as Notebook 3 in "Field notes on Chinookan and Salishan languages and Gitamat], Molala, and Masset ," located in the "Chinook" section of the finding aid. Some Klallam language information may be intermixed with the Chimakum language information, but not currently distinguished.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Chemakum
Alternate forms: Chimakum
Language(s): English
Date: circa 1910s-1920s
Type:Text
Extent: Approx. 10 letters
Description: This collection contains the bulk of correspondence between Franz Boas and his professional colleagues, though there are also other Boas collections in the library. The correspondents listed above contain some correspondence related to the culture or language listed in this entry. Frachtenberg letters include comments on Indian Shaker Church. In the finding aid listings for some of these correspondents, the individual letters pertaining to this culture or language will be identified by a subject heading, though for some correspondents this indexing has not yet been completed. Some letters may contain only brief mentions of work being conducted in relation to the topic. Some additional correspondences in this collection that have not yet been indexed may also contain additional material.
Collection: Franz Boas Papers (Mss.B.B61)

Cheyenne
Language(s): English
Date: 1910s-1930s
Type:Text
Description: This collection contains the bulk of correspondence between Franz Boas and his professional colleagues, though there are also other Boas collections in the library. The correspondents listed above contain some correspondence related to the culture or language listed in this entry. In the finding aid listings for some of these correspondents, the individual letters pertaining to this culture or language will be identified by a subject heading, though for some correspondents this indexing has not yet been completed. Some letters may contain only brief mentions of work being conducted in relation to the topic. Some additional correspondences in this collection that have not yet been indexed may also contain additional material.
Collection: Franz Boas Papers (Mss.B.B61)

Chichimeca
Alternate forms: Chichimeco
Language(s): English | Spanish
Date: 1929
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 1 letter
Description: Currently, the only Chichimeco-related letter identified in this collection is one letter from Pablo González Casanova from January 17, 1929. This collection contains the bulk of correspondence between Franz Boas and his professional colleagues, though there are also other Boas collections in the library. The correspondents listed above contain some correspondence related to the culture or language listed in this entry. In the finding aid listings for some of these correspondents, the individual letters pertaining to this culture or language will be identified by a subject heading, though for some correspondents this indexing has not yet been completed. Some letters may contain only brief mentions of work being conducted in relation to the topic. Some additional correspondences in this collection that have not yet been indexed may also contain additional material.
Collection: Franz Boas Papers (Mss.B.B61)