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Culture: Otomi | Chitimacha | Atakapa | Cherokee | Osage | Chickasaw | Choctaw | Nottoway | Kaw | Omaha | Dakota | Pawnee | Nanticoke | A'aninin | Miami | Mi'kmaq | Seminole | Quapaw | Yuchi | Lenape | Ojibwe | Shawnee | Seneca | Mohawk | Onondaga | Cayuga | Oneida | Tuscarora | Natchez | Wyandot | Creek | Mohican | Mohegan
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Ojibwa, Huron-Wyandot, Atsina, Gros Ventre, Micmac, Lenape
Language(s): English | German | Otomi, Mezquital | Chitimacha | Atakapa | Cherokee | Osage | Chickasaw | Choctaw | Nottoway | Kansa | Omaha-Ponca | Dakota | Pawnee | Nanticoke | Kalispel-Pend d'Oreille | Miami-Illinois | Mi'kmaq | Mikasuki | Quapaw | Yuchi | Delaware | Ojibwe | Shawnee | Seneca | Mohawk | Onondaga | Cayuga | Oneida | Tuscarora | Natchez | Wyandot | Muscogee | Mohegan-Pequot
Subject: Linguistics | Algonquian languages | Iroquoian languages | Siouan languages | Muskogean languages
Extent: 219 pages
Description: This volume contains extracts of Benjamin Smith Barton's "New Views of the Origin of the Tribes and Nations of America" (Philadelphia, 1797), with additions by Peter S. Du Ponceau. The bulk of the volume is comprised of word list of 54 words with equivalents listed in a range of 50-70 languages. While Barton listed no authority, Du Ponceau cited sources. Languages with words listed include Chitimacha, Atakapa, Cherokee, Osage, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Nottoway, Kansa, Omaha, Dakota, Pawnee, Nanticoke, Gros Ventres, Miami, Mi'kmaq, Seminole, Quapaw, Yuchi, Delaware, Ojibwe, Shawnee, Seneca, Mohawk, Onondaga, Cayuga, Oneida, Tuscarora, Natches, Wyandot, Creek, Mahican, Mohegan, and many others. The word list includes the terms for God, heaven, and sky, as well as various terms relating to kinship, parts of the body, weather, and more. The volume also includes notes on sounds of the Otomi (Othomi) observations on declension; observations about the Omaha, Kansa, Oto, Arkansas, and Missouri languages; and notes on symbol and sound. Also includes a newspaper clipping of a review (in German) of Barton's "New Views" that appeared in "Göttingische Anzeigen von gelehrten Sachen," June 17, 1799.
Collection: A comparative vocabulary of Indian languages (Mss.497.B28)
Date: September 3, 1818; March 4, 1820
Contributor: Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815 | Butrick, D. S. (Daniel Sabin), 1789-1847 | Correia da Serra, José Francisco, 1750-1823 | Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844 | Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823
Extent: 2 letters
Description: Concerning the Indian. Mentions visit of Correia da Serra; quotes letter received from Mrs. Gambold (July 20, 1818) replying to letter from Heckewelder. Gambold had supplied data to B. S. Barton. Suggests Du Ponceau write Butrick at Brainerd Station. Gives an example of Indian's friendship from his travels of 1777 (manuscript). Forwards manuscript materials on Indian languages, including: Remarks on the Swedish Lenape; Mohawk dictionary, probably of Pyrlaeus, from Moravian archives [Mahicanni manuscript not included]. Regarding Butrick and Brown Cherokee spelling book--can't comprehend alphabet used as he had in 1773 taken Cherokee in standard alphabet. Only Iroquois and Wyandot are difficult.
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau (Mss.497.3 H35o)