Chemakum materials, ACLS collection
Alternate forms: Chimakum | S'Klallam | Clallam | nəxʷsƛ̕ay̕əm
Date: 1853?; 1890; 1928; 1930; 1953;
Contributor: Andrade, Manuel José, 1885-1941 | Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 | Butler, Louise | Gibbs, George | Jule | Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939 | Swadesh, Morris, 1909-1967 | Webster, Louise
Extent: 45 pages; 1 notebook (14 pages); Circa 1,500 slips
Description: The Chemakum materials in the ACLS collection consist of 5 items in the "Chimakum" section of the finding aid. The earliest item (W3b.3, "Chemakum vocabulary") is a word list recorded by George Gibbs, circa 1853, from a woman named Jule, slave and mistress of King George, a Clallam chief. This list is in English orthography with accents marked, and includes parts of the body, household objects, material objects, animals, adverbs, and verbs. Subsequent fieldwork includes a notebook by Manuel Andrade (item W3b.5), containing an English-Chimakum vocabulary, with an attempt to verify use of consultant Louise Webster by Franz Boas at Port Gamble in 1890. Additional material includes linguistic analyses by Sapir and Swadesh (items W3b.2 and W3b.4). Lastly, an extensive lexicon of over 1,500 slips (item W3b.1) was compiled by Franz Boas, based upon field work conducted in 1890. Boas's original field notebook is found as Notebook 3 in "Field notes on Chinookan and Salishan languages and Gitamat, Molala, and Masset" (item Pn4b.5) located in the "Chinook" section of the finding aid. Some Klallam language information may be intermixed with the Chimakum language information, but not currently distinguished.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)